Nicholas de LangeProfessor of Hebrew and Jewish Studies at Cambridge Universitysays that The comparative study of religions is an academic discipline which has been developed within Christian theology faculties, and it has a tendency to force widely differing phenomena into a kind of strait-jacket cut to a Christian pattern.
However, the comparative enterprise of painstakingly detailing correspondences between European and Indic conceptual systems begins only with the gradual installation of the administrative-legal apparatus of the East India Company in Bengal.
Starting from the late 18th century onward, various British scholars and administrators, and occasionally continental European figures, began to sketch immense comparative vistas on which they placed Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin cultures at varying points on an evolutionary continuum, which was said to have culminated in the ideals and the institutions of modernity.
The orientalist projections of a Vedic Hindu antiquity of uncorrupted humanity and the currently degraded popular Hinduisms were sometimes adopted by British Christian missionaries who reconfigured these temporal contrasts into their own comparative spectra of fragmented Hindu truths culminating in the saving truth of Christ.
Second, these orientalist-colonial imaginations of a pure Vedic Hindu antiquity were creatively appropriated by influential Hindu figures such as Swami Vivekananda, S. Radhakrishnan, and others who constructed distinctive patterns of comparative scales for positioning the essential spirit of the European and the Hindu civilizations.
The comparative study of Hinduism seems to presuppose some kind of common ground between a Hindu category and a non-Hindu category, and it is precisely this notion of commonality that is often charged as being politically suspect and culturally reductive.
The comparative study of Hinduism in academic circles, then, is yet another essentially contested topic.
In lieu of such an inventory, Halbfass remains one of the best overviews of the historical, philosophical, and theological material in Europe-India encounters.
McEvilley addresses the question of mutual influences between Indians and Greeks in Antiquity. Majumdar is a collection of accounts of ancient India by Greek writers.
Marshall contains valuable British writings on Hinduism in the 18th century. Clarke outlines European perceptions of Hinduism from the 19th century onward in streams such as orientalism and Romanticism. Sharpe is a good historical and conceptual overview of the shifting Christian perceptions of Hinduism.
Hooker provides a comparative discussion of aspects of Hindu and Christian thought and experience. The Encounter between Asian and Western Thought.
An Essay in Understanding. State University of New York Press, Halbfass outlines various intellectual encounters between Indian and European figures from classical Antiquity to the late 20th century, and highlights both the receptions of European thought in modern Hinduism and the images of India in European thinkers.
Themes in Hinduism and Christianity: Analyzes textual materials from Hindu and Christian sources and discusses themes such as time, evil, and renunciation in a comparative key. The Classical Accounts of India.
Cambridge University Press, The Shape of Ancient Thought.Thus Hinduism sanctions the worship of the living presence of God in an image or a statue or a symbol or an object. Similarities Between Hinduism and Islam. 1. Both Hinduism and Islam accept God as the Supreme Being and Absolute Lord of the universe.
He is the .
In the study of comparative religion, the category of Abrahamic religions consists of the three monotheistic religions, Christianity, Islam and Judaism, which claim Abraham (Hebrew Avraham אַבְרָהָם; Arabic Ibrahim إبراهيم) as a part of their sacred history. Religious Beliefs in Africa - comparative info about the diverse religious systems in the living African world. Therefore, in comparative study of Christianity and Hinduism to Islam we realize that in Islam, Absolute Quality (God) never manifest in any form and no incarnation takes place. In return, God speak of manifestation in The Heights Surah of Quran.
The Bhagavad Gita, Buddhism and Christianity. The Dalai Lama has said: “When I say that Buddhism is part of Hinduism, certain people criticize me.
But if I were to say that Hinduism and Buddhism are totally different, it would not be in conformity with truth.”. Introduction. Christian communities have existed in India since at least the 4th century CE, the likely result of relatively well-established trade connections between India and the Near East in the early centuries of the Common benjaminpohle.com Christians maintained a lively and well-documented existence in the centuries after that, particularly in southern India, the size of the Christian.
A Comparative Study of Hindu and Orthodox Christian Beliefs By Christine Mangala Frost A contribution to the dialogue between Hinduism and Orthodox Christianity, emphasising important commonalities in thought and practice.
Complete Christianity, Cults & Religions 6-Session DVD-based Study [Paul Carden, Rose Publishing] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This Complete Kit for the Christianity Cults and Religions DVD Bible Study is a 6-session video Bible study that helps Christians know what they believe and why.
This Christianity. Third, the “comparative study of Hinduism” that we have outlined in this introduction has come under fierce criticism in various academic circles in the early 21st century such as postcolonial theory, subaltern studies, feminist theory, and so on.