It was the first expression of the avant-garde in the fields of art and literature and sought to overturn aesthetic traditions and conventions; to bridge the gap between art and life; and to institute a program of political, intellectual, and moral regeneration. The futurist project of innovation attempted to obliterate the contemplative, intellectual concept of culture and aimed at a total We want to sing about the love of danger, about the use of energy and recklessness as common, daily practice. Courage, boldness, and rebellion will be essential elements in our poetry. We intend to glorify aggressive action, a restive wakefulness, life at the double, the slap, and the punching fist.
Like Marinetti, they glorified originality and expressed their disdain for inherited artistic traditions. Although they were not yet working in what was to become the Futurist style, the group called for artists to have an emotional involvement in the dynamics of modern life.
They wanted to depict visually the perception of movement, speed, and change. To achieve this, the Futurist painters adopted the Cubist technique of using fragmented and intersecting plane surfaces and outlines to show several simultaneous views of an object.
The effect resembles multiple photographic exposures of a moving object. The Futurist paintings differed from Cubist work in other important ways. While the Cubists favoured still life and portraiture, the Futurists preferred subjects such as speeding automobiles and trains, racing cyclists, dancers, animals, and urban crowds.
Futurist paintings have brighter and more vibrant colours than Cubist works, and they reveal dynamicagitated compositions in which rhythmically swirling forms reach crescendos of violent movement.
Conger Goodyear and Gift of George F. Goodyear, Boccioni also became interested in sculpturepublishing a manifesto on the subject in the spring of He is considered to have most fully realized his theories in two sculptures, Development of a Bottle in Spacein which he represented both the inner and outer contours of a bottle, and Unique Forms of Continuity in Spacein which a human figure is not portrayed as one solid form but is instead composed of the multiple planes in space through which the figure moves.
His visionary drawings of highly mechanized cities and boldly modern skyscrapers prefigure some of the most imaginative 20th-century architectural planning.
Literature Not content with merely taking over the urban and modernist themes of Futurist painting, the writers who embraced Italian literary Futurism sought to develop a language appropriate for what they perceived to be the speed and ruthlessness of the early 20th century.
It was poetry liberated from the constraints of linear typography and conventional syntax and spelling. Cover of the journal Poesia, founded and edited by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, New forms of dissemination were favoured, including Futurist evenings, mixed-media events, and the use of manifesto leaflets, poster poems, and broadsheet-format journals containing a mixture of literaturepaintingand theoretical pronouncements.
Only when Marinetti started grounding his avant-garde poetry in the realities of his combat experiences as a war reporter during World War I, however, did a distinctly innovative Futurist idiom emerge, one that represented a significant break from past poetic practices.
A desire to make language more intensive led to a pronounced use of onomatopoeia in poems dealing with machines and war—as in the title of Zang tumb tumb, intended to mimic the sound of artillery fire—and to a departure from uniform, horizontal typography.
A diverse series of shaped poetic layouts depicted speeding cars, trains, and airplanes, exploding bombs, and the confusions of battle. During its first decade, Italian literary Futurism remained a largely homogeneous movement.
By contrast, Russian Futurism was fragmented into a number of splinter groups Ego-Futurists, Cubo-FuturistsHylaea [Russian Gileya] associated with a large number of anthologies representing continually regrouping artistic factions.
While there was an urbanist strand to Russian Futurismespecially in the poetry of Vladimir Mayakovsky and Yelena GuroRussian writers were less preoccupied with machines, speed, and violence than their Italian counterparts.
The dominant strain of primitivism in Russian Futurism led some to conclude that the two movements have little in common apart from the word Futurism. A number of these writers, most impressively Velimir Khlebnikovexplored the archaic roots of language and drew on primitive folk culture for their inspiration.
As was the case in Italy, the main achievements of Russian Futurism lie in poetry and drama. As it did in Italy, neologism played a large role in Russian attempts to renew language, which in turn aimed at the destruction of syntax. The result is a typical for Russian Futurism concern with etymology and word creation.
While sharing an Italian-influenced Futurist sensibility with the Ego-Futurists and belonging more, on account of their concern with verbal innovation, to the body of works by the Cubo-Futurist painter-poets, his poetry and plays are, above all, Futurist in their provocative rejection of the past and their subjectivist approach to the renewal of poetic language.
During the s, Marinetti and those around him gravitated toward fascismwhereas the Soviet communist regime became increasingly intolerant of what it dismissed as avant-garde Formalism.
While relations between Italian and Russian Futurism were, on the whole, strained, the Italian Futurists exercised a strong influence on German ExpressionismEnglish Vorticismand international Dada.The most important Italian avant-garde art movement of the 20 th century, Futurism celebrated advanced technology and urban modernity.
Committed to the new, its members wished to destroy older forms of culture and to demonstrate the beauty of modern life - the . The show became an important event in the history of _____, introducing astonished Americans, who were accustomed to realistic art, to the experimental styles of the European avant garde, including Fauvism, Cubism, and Futurism.
- Futurism was created on very innovative and radical ideals, which is the same reason why the pure Futurism art form was deemed dead before it really began. In the early 20th century, there was a new art movement being created. So they reduced and fractured objects into geometric forms, and then realigned these within a shallow, relief like space.
which was an analysis of the subjects (pulling them apart into planes), Synthetic Cubism is actually pushing several objects together. Cubism influenced many other styles of modern art including Orphism, Futurism. futurism Art movement that the futurists did not restrict themselves to the scientific analysis of the world and a rational organization of the constituent Marinetti relentlessly promoted the movement throughout Europe, developed a futurist version of nearly every art form .
Futurism: Futurism, early 20th-century artistic movement centred in Italy that emphasized the dynamism, speed, energy, and power of the machine and the vitality, change, and restlessness of modern life.
During the second decade of the 20th century, the movement’s influence radiated outward across most of.