Early inhabitants of the central Maghrib also seen as Maghreb; designates North Africa west of Egypt left behind significant remains including remnants of hominid occupation from ca.
Enjoy the Famous Daily The Barbary coast: The Spanish-Turkish rivalry lasts for much of the 16th century, but it is gradually won - in a somewhat unorthodox manner - by the Turks.
Their successful device is to allow Turkish pirates, or corsairs, to establish themselves along the coast. The territories seized by the corsairs are then given a formal status as protectorates of the Ottoman empire.
The first such pirate establishes himself on the coast of Algeria in Two others are firmly based in Libya by Tunisia is briefly taken in by the most famous corsair of them all, Khair ed-Din known to the Europeans as Barbarossa.
Recovered for Spain inTunisia is finally brought under Ottoman control in Piracy remains the chief purpose and main source of income of all these Turkish settlements along the Barbary coast. And the depredations of piracy, after three centuries, at last prompt French intervention in Algeria.
This, at any rate, is stated by the French at the time to be the cause of their intervention. The reality is somewhat less glorious. The dey and the fly whisk: The subject under discussion is the bill for a consignment of wheat, payment for which is now overdue by some thirty years.
An invoice was first submitted to the French government by two Algerian citizens in the s. The dey threatens to withdraw certain French concessions in Algeria. The consul becomes heated in response, whereupon the dey flicks him with his fly whisk. Charles Xthe French king, takes this as an insult to French national pride and orders a naval blockade of the Algerian coast.
When this has little effect, a military expedition is prepared. The French in Algeria: But this success brings France only a small region round Algiers, for the dey himself has long lost control of his subordinates in the provinces.
The city of Constantine, in the east, holds out against the French for seven years. Meanwhile the invading force is also under threat in the west from the powerful amir of Mascara, Abd-el-Kader.
In Abd-el-Kader proclaims a jihad, or holy war, against the Christian intruders. Not until does he finally surrender. He is promised a safe conduct to a Muslim country. Instead he spends the next five years in French gaols.
With Algeria now under a reasonable degree of control though outbreaks of rebellion continue until the sthe French government sets in place the process of colonization. European settlement is actively encouraged. By the s the European population of Algeria is more thanHalf a century later this figure has doubled.
In the same period, from to the midth century, the Muslim population also increases greatly, from 3 million to about 9 million. As in any such situation, the settlers ensure that economic and political power is exclusively theirs.
And as elsewhere, the underprivileged majority begins to make itself heard during the 20th century. The early leaders of Algerian nationalism see a solution in integration rather than separation.
Muslim Algerians, they argue, should enjoy equal status with the settlers as French citizens. Ferhat Abbas a future president of an independent Algerian parliament writes in The so-called Blum-Violette plan proposes that 21, Muslims should immediately have the vote on the same terms as European settlers.
But this provokes an outcry from the settlers in Algeria. The proposal is dropped. The problems of the future, though postponed by World War II, are prefigured in this clash.
Nationalism and reaction in Algeria: Scuffles with the police spark an impromptu uprising in which eighty-eight French settlers are killed.
Subsequent French reprisals result in at least Muslim deaths the official French figurethough other estimates place the death toll as high as 10, In the aftermath of this crisis the National Assembly in Paris passes, ina Statute of Algeria.Algeria - Introduction.
Located on the Mediterranean coast between Morocco and Tunisia, and also bordering Libya, The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is the second-largest country in.
History of Algeria, Key Figures in Algeria’s history. As a result of what the French considered an insult to the French consul in Algiers by the dey [Husayn Dey] in , France blockaded Algiers for three years.
France then used the failure of the blockade as a reason for a military expedition against Algiers in Oran: Oran, city, northwestern Algeria. It lies along an open bay on the Mediterranean Sea coast, about midway between Tangier, Morocco, and Algiers, at the point where Algeria is closest to Spain.
With the adjacent city of Mers el-Kebir, a fishing centre at the western end of the bay, Oran is the. Not only have social institutions often set limits benjaminpohle.comdge University Press — A History of Algeria James McDougall Excerpt More Information 4 Introduction a colonial state imposed by conquest to a national state created in a popular and revolutionary war of liberation.
History, language, customs, and an Islamic heritage make Algeria an integral part of the Maghrib and the larger Arab world, but the country also has a sizable Amazigh .
Algeria formally known as the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is an independent state located in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital city is .