Peer Reviewed Back pain is one of the most common work-related injuries and is often caused by ordinary work activities such as sitting in an office chair or heavy lifting. Applying ergonomic principles - the study of the workplace as it relates to the worker - can help prevent work-related back pain and back injury and help maintain a healthy back. The goal of an ergonomics program in industry is to adapt the workplace to a specific worker, dependent on the job description, required tasks, and physical make up of the employee performing those tasks.
Ergonomic Solutions for Retailers: Ergonomic Guidelines for Manual Material Handling. Recognize high-risk MMH work tasks and choose effective options for reducing their physical demands. Presents an easy-to-use guideline for selecting or purchasing the best available ergonomically designed non-powered hand tools.
Also available in Spanish. Elements of Ergonomics Programs: Includes a "toolbox," which is a collection of techniques, methods, reference materials and sources for other information that can help in program development.
High Risk Occupations for MSDs Registered nurses, nursing assistants and psychiatric aides Firefighters and prevention workers Laborers and freight, stock and material movers Janitors and cleaners Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers Refuse and recyclable material collectors Stock clerks and order fillers Maids and housekeeping cleanersLight truck or delivery services drivers Telecommunications line installers and repairers Bus drivers, transit and intercity Production workers Police and sheriff patrol officers Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers Plumbers, pipefitters and steamfitters Source: Workers in many different industries and occupations can be exposed to risk factors at work, such as lifting heavy items, bending, reaching overhead, pushing and pulling heavy loads, working in awkward body postures and performing the same or similar tasks repetitively.
Work-related MSDs can be prevented. Ergonomics fitting a job to a person helps lessen muscle fatigue, increases productivity and reduces the number and severity of work-related MSDs.
A Process for Protecting Workers Employers are responsible for providing a safe and healthful workplace for their workers. In the workplace, the number and severity of MSDs resulting from physical overexertion, and their associated costs, can be substantially reduced by applying ergonomic principles.
Implementing an ergonomic process is effective in reducing the risk of developing MSDs in high-risk industries as diverse as construction, food processing, firefighting, office jobs, healthcare, transportation and warehousing.
The following are important elements of an ergonomic process: Provide Management Support - A strong commitment by management is critical to the overall success of an ergonomic process. Management should define clear goals and objectives for the ergonomic process, discuss them with their workers, assign responsibilities to designated staff members, and communicate clearly with the workforce.
Involve Workers - A participatory ergonomic approach, where workers are directly involved in worksite assessments, solution development and implementation is the essence of a successful ergonomic process.
Identify and provide important information about hazards in their workplaces. Assist in the ergonomic process by voicing their concerns and suggestions for reducing exposure to risk factors and by evaluating the changes made as a result of an ergonomic assessment.
Provide Training - Training is an important element in the ergonomic process. It ensures that workers are aware of ergonomics and its benefits, become informed about ergonomics related concerns in the workplace, and understand the importance of reporting early symptoms of MSDs.
Identify Problems - An important step in the ergonomic process is to identify and assess ergonomic problems in the workplace before they result in MSDs.
Encourage Early Reporting of MSD Symptoms - Early reporting can accelerate the job assessment and improvement process, helping to prevent or reduce the progression of symptoms, the development of serious injuries, and subsequent lost-time claims.
Implement Solutions to Control Hazards - There are many possible solutions that can be implemented to reduce, control or eliminate workplace MSDs. Evaluate Progress - Established evaluation and corrective action procedures are required to periodically assess the effectiveness of the ergonomic process and to ensure its continuous improvement and long-term success.
As an ergonomic process is first developing, assessments should include determining whether goals set for the ergonomic process have been met and determining the success of the implemented ergonomic solutions. An ergonomic process uses the principles of a safety and health program to address MSD hazards.
Such a process should be viewed as an ongoing function that is incorporated into the daily operations, rather than as an individual project. Working conditions that do not pose a risk of serious harm. Receive information and training in a language and vocabulary the worker understands about workplace hazards, methods to prevent them, and the OSHA standards that apply to their workplace.
Review records of work-related injuries and illnesses. OSHA will keep all identities confidential. Exercise their rights under the law without retaliation, including reporting an injury or raising health and safety concerns with their employer or OSHA.
If a worker has been retaliated against for using their rights, they must file a complaint with OSHA as soon as possible, but no later than 30 days. For more information, visit www.Online Ergonomics Program. Overview; Fundamentals of Human Factors and Ergonomics (ERG) Plan a path to certification or employment in the field of ergonomics.
Demonstrate a fundamental knowledge of the science of human factors and ergonomics and ethical responsibility in practice. Me: “Ergonomics is the science of work and it’s about fitting the work environment to the worker.
We help industrial companies with ergonomics so they can help their employees be . At its simplest definition ergonomics, it literally means the science of work.
So ergonomists, i.e. the practitioners of ergonomics, study work, how work is done and how to work better. It is the attempt to make work better that ergonomics becomes so useful. Ergonomics Essay Examples. 12 total results. An Overview of the Ergonomics in the Field of Science.
words. 1 page. An Overview of the Causes of Stress and Injuries in the Workplace. 2, words. 7 pages. The Main Factors in Having a Safe Workstation. 2, words. 5 pages. Human factors psychology is a growing field that presents a great deal of opportunity for those interested in topics such as ergonomics, design, and human-computer interaction.
One survey by the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society suggested that starting salaries in the field range between $48, and $75, per year.
Ergonomics derives from two Greek words: ergon, meaning work, and nomoi, meaning natural laws, to create a word that means the science of work and a person’s relationship to that work.