Here are brief descriptions of the four Kolb learning styles: They prefer to watch rather than do, tending to gather information and use imagination to solve problems. They are best at viewing concrete situations several different viewpoints.
The terms used for each dichotomy have specific technical meanings relating to the MBTI, which differ from their everyday usage. For example, people who prefer judgment over perception are not necessarily more "judgmental" or less "perceptive", nor does the MBTI instrument measure aptitude ; it simply indicates for one preference over another.
Point scores on each of the dichotomies can vary considerably from person to person, even among those with the same type. However, Isabel Myers considered the direction of the preference for example, E vs. I to be more important than the degree of the preference for example, very clear vs.
The preferences interact through type dynamics and type development. Extraversion means literally outward-turning and introversion, inward-turning. Extraversion is the spelling used in MBTI publications. The preferences for extraversion and introversion are often called " attitudes ".
Briggs and Myers recognized that each of the cognitive functions can operate in the external world of behavior, action, people, and things "extraverted attitude" or the internal world of ideas and reflection "introverted attitude". The MBTI assessment sorts for an overall preference for one or the other.
People who prefer extraversion draw energy from action: If they are inactive, their motivation tends to decline. To rebuild their energy, extraverts need breaks from time spent in reflection.
Conversely, those who prefer introversion "expend" energy through action: To rebuild their energy, introverts need quiet time alone, away from activity. Contrasting characteristics between extraverted and introverted people include: Extraverted are action-oriented, while introverted are thought-oriented.
Extraverted seek breadth of knowledge and influence, while introverted seek depth of knowledge and influence. Extraverted often prefer more frequent interaction, while introverted prefer more substantial interaction. Extraverted recharge and get their energy from spending time with people, while introverted recharge and get their energy from spending time alone; they consume their energy through the opposite process.
Sensing and intuition are the information-gathering perceiving functions. They describe how new information is understood and interpreted. People who prefer sensing are more likely to trust information that is in the present, tangible, and concrete: They tend to distrust hunches, which seem to come "out of nowhere".
For them, the meaning is in the data. On the other hand, those who prefer intuition tend to trust information that is less dependent upon the senses, that can be associated with other information either remembered or discovered by seeking a wider context or pattern.
They may be more interested in future possibilities. For them, the meaning is in the underlying theory and principles which are manifested in the data. Thinking and feeling are the decision-making judging functions. The thinking and feeling functions are both used to make rational decisions, based on the data received from their information-gathering functions sensing or intuition.
Those who prefer thinking tend to decide things from a more detached standpoint, measuring the decision by what seems reasonable, logical, causal, consistent, and matching a given set of rules. Thinkers usually have trouble interacting with people who are inconsistent or illogical, and tend to give very direct feedback to others.
They are concerned with the truth and view it as more important. As noted already, people who prefer thinking do not necessarily, in the everyday sense, "think better" than their feeling counterparts, in the common sense; the opposite preference is considered an equally rational way of coming to decisions and, in any case, the MBTI assessment is a measure of preference, not ability.
Similarly, those who prefer feeling do not necessarily have "better" emotional reactions than their thinking counterparts. In many cases, however, people who use thinking functions as either dominant or auxiliary tend to have more underdeveloped feeling functions, and often have more trouble with regulating and making healthy and productive decisions based on their feelings.Next, we listed samples of vocations that people are likely to choose, given particular intelligence and learning-style profiles.
Working in this way, we devised a model that linked the process-centered approach of learning styles and the content and product-driven multiple intelligence theory.
Papers From the Life Work of Carl Rogers. Bibliography. Empathic: An Unappreciated Way of Being - , (see text and videos below.) "It is my thesis in this paper that we should re-examine and re-evaluate that very special way of being with another person which has been called empathic.
There are dozens of personality theories. It is possible to introduce only a few of the most influential. For clarity, we will confine ourselves to three broad perspectives: (1) Psychodynamic Theories, which focus on the inner workings of personality, especially internal conflicts and struggles, (2) Behavioristic Theories, which place greater .
Next, we listed samples of vocations that people are likely to choose, given particular intelligence and learning-style profiles. Working in this way, we devised a model that linked the process-centered approach of learning styles and the content and product-driven multiple intelligence theory.
The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus. Coagulated by Craig Chalquist, PhD, author of Terrapsychology: Reengaging the Soul of Place (Spring Journal Books, ) and department chair of East-West Psychology at CIIS - Celtic Deities Glossary - Norse Deities Glossary - Jung's RED BOOK: Healing the Faustian Ego [ new!
I collected these terms and concepts on my journey through Jung's .