Archaic globalization Archaic globalization conventionally refers to a phase in the history of globalization including globalizing events and developments from the time of the earliest civilizations until roughly the s. This term is used to describe the relationships between communities and states and how they were created by the geographical spread of ideas and social norms at both local and regional levels.
This is a puzzling question. Over the last decades, there have been many studies on the introduction of ICT in education. So why is it that we can still have a debate about the usefulness of ICT in education?
Why has the matter not been settled after three decades of debate?
I think the continuation of the debate is for a large part due to the fact that the question is stated wrong. ICT is a huge and complex cluster of ever changing technologies that have extensions in almost every aspect of industry, commerce, and private life in the developed world.
Not because ICT is some magic spell that will solve all problems, but because ICT is needed to provide the children of the world the education they so desperately need. I would like to step back from the question of how to make specific ICT solutions useful in particular schools, to the question of what is required to give children the education they need.
And then look into the matter of how this might be achievable by deploying the tools we have, mainly ICT. It is not high grades on standardized tests.
But what is it? Wealth, health, and happiness World wide, people spend trillions of dollars on education. Why do people spend so much money on educating children? What do they hope this money will achieve?
The aim of educational spending can be compressed into a sound bite: To improve the future Wealth, Health, and Happiness of the children. Future income and prosperity is foremost in the mind of those who advocate education.
Children that receive an education will be more productive as adults. Hence, they will be able to earn more income. This wealth will benefit the whole community. Moreover, it is well known that both personal and family health improves with the level of education of the parents, especially the care giving parent.
This health improvement comes over, and is independent of, the increase of socio-economic status that results from education e. All school curricula contain implicit and explicit health related components, like disease prevention and dietary advice.
This way, schools provide a major contribution to public health. A primary cause of preventable suffering is ignorance and social misadaptation. The common cure has been moral teachings. Children have been taught moral lessons under the guise of religious, political, or civic education since the dawn of civilization.
Globally, people consider these effects of education so important that they are willing to spend close to 5 cent per dollar earned on education.
Do the educational systems of the world deliver? For many children of the world, they do. However, for far too many other children, they do not deliver on any scale of educational achievement. In the very long term, education worldwide could be improved to adequate levels by supplying more teachers and more resources.
But in the long term, we are all dead, and these children out of school.
In the short term, the only solution would be to dramatically increase teacher productivity. That is, to let each teacher educate more children better. A daunting task, indeed.Back in , when I was leading USAID’s Digital Inclusion Practice, I was invited by the U.S Department of State to present on the importance of information and communication technology (ICT) in driving economic growth.
Global market share held by smartphone operating systems , by quarter. The Global Initiative for Inclusive ICTs (G3ict) today launches two new tools to support more inclusive education, 9 Steps to Procuring Accessible ICTs for Inclusive Education and A Discussion Guide for Engaging ICT Vendors.
Despite the challenges faced by the sukuk market, there have been a number of significant developments in recent months, including regulatory changes in the US and the inclusion of sukuk in a number of key indices.
Explore over 5, market research reports covering more than industries, including technology, healthcare, retail, energy, aerospace, and automotive. Receive . Despite the challenges faced by the sukuk market, there have been a number of significant developments in recent months, including regulatory changes in the US and the inclusion of sukuk in a number of key indices.