Patient safety and medical malpractice a case study

Contact Us Five Famous Medical Malpractice Cases While there are a lot of things individuals can do to take care of their own health, at one time or another most people find themselves in situations where they are relying on medical professionals to treat some sort of ailment.

Patient safety and medical malpractice a case study

Medical error Greek physician treating a patient, c. Greek healers in the 4th century BC drafted the Hippocratic Oath and pledged to "prescribe regimens for the good of my patients according to my ability and my judgment and never do harm to anyone.

However, despite an increasing emphasis on the scientific basis of medical practice in Europe and the United States in the late 19th Century, data on adverse outcomes were hard to come by and the various studies commissioned collected mostly anecdotal events.

Presenting accounts of anesthetic accidents, the producers stated that, every year, 6, Americans die or suffer brain damage related to these mishaps. The APSF marked the first use of the term "patient safety" in the name of professional reviewing organization.

Both organizations were soon expanded as the magnitude of the medical error crisis became known. To Err is Human[ edit ] In the United States, the full magnitude and impact of errors in health care was not appreciated until the s, when several reports brought attention to this issue.

Building a Safer Health System. The majority of media attention, however, focused on the staggering statistics: However, subsequent reports emphasized the striking prevalence and consequences of medical error. The experience has been similar in other countries.

On average forty incidents a year contribute to patient deaths in each NHS institution. Communicating starts with the provisioning of available information on any operational site especially in mobile professional services.

Communicating continues with the reduction of administrative burden, releasing the operating staff and easing the operational demand by model driven orders, thus enabling adherence to a well executable procedure finalised with a qualified minimum of required feedback.

However, according to the Canadian Patient Safety Instituteineffective communication has the opposite effect as it can lead to patient harm. Use of effective communication can aid in the prevention of adverse events, whereas ineffective communication can contribute to these incidences.

There are different modes in which healthcare professionals can work to optimize the safety of patients which include both verbal and nonverbal communication, as well as the effective use of appropriate communication technologies. Some channels are more likely to result in communication errors than others, such as communicating through telephone or email missing nonverbal messages which are an important element of understanding the situation.

It is also the responsibility of the provider to know the advantages and limitations of using electronic health recordsas they do not convey all information necessary to understanding patient needs. If a health care professional is not practicing these skills, they are not being an effective communicator which may affect patient outcome.


Practice of effective communication plays a large role in promoting and protecting patient safety. There are several techniques, tools, and strategies used to improve communication. Any team should have a clear purpose and each member should be aware of their role and be involved accordingly.

Strategies such as briefings allow the team to be set on their purpose and ensure that members not only share the goal but also the process they will follow to achieve it. Healthcare providers meet to discuss a situation, record what they learned and discuss how it might be better handled.

Closed loop communication is another important technique used to ensure that the message that was sent is received and interpreted by the receiver.

Patient safety and medical malpractice a case study

SBAR is a structured system designed to help team members communicate about the patient in the most convenient form possible.

Safety culture As is the case in other industries, when there is a mistake or error made people look for someone to blame. This may seem natural, but it creates a blame culture where who is more important than why or how.

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Health News | Latest Medical, Nutrition, Fitness News - ABC News - ABC News Researchers studied both medical malpractice claims and adverse events such as post-surgical infections across California counties and found that changes in the frequency of adverse events were strongly correlated with corresponding changes in the volume of medical malpractice claims.
Materials and Methods LinkedIn In the past few years, flurries of articles have discussed the vexing issue of fatal medical errors.

A just culture, also sometimes known as no blame or no fault, seeks to understand the root causes of an incident rather than just who was involved.

When assessing and analyzing an incident, individuals involved are much more likely to be forthcoming with their own mistakes if they know that their job is not at risk.The RAND study is the first to demonstrate a link between improving performance on 20 well-established indicators of medical safety outcomes and lower medical malpractice claims.

Researchers analyzed information for approximately , adverse safety events, such as post-surgical problems and hospital-acquired infections, and for.

Patient safety and medical malpractice a case study

Discuses patient safety and medical malpractice with reference to a case. Case history of the year old patient; Three reasons for suing the physician from the perspective of the patient; Shortcomings of the malpractice system.

the risk of medical negligence, thereby ensuring quality improvement and patient safety. Key Words: Medical negligence, Nurse practitioner, Standard of care, Case study 1.I NTRODUCTION. Get the latest health news, diet & fitness information, medical research, health care trends and health issues that affect you and your family on Medical malpractice refers to professional negligence by a health care provider that leads to substandard treatment, resulting in injury to a patient.

Objective This study aimed to evaluate and compare items and dimensions of patient safety culture in the CODs of selected teaching hospitals of Iran and Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

Patient safety and medical malpractice: a case study. | AHRQ Patient Safety Network