The declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen August The Representatives of the French people, organized in National Assembly, considering that ignorance, forgetfulness, or contempt of the rights of man are the sole causes of public miseries and the corruption of governments, have resolved to set forth in a solemn declaration the natural, inalienable, and sacred rights of man, so that this declaration, being ever present to all the members of the social body, may unceasingly remind them of their rights and duties; in order that the acts of the legislative power, and those of the executive power, may at each moment be compared with the aim and of every political institution and thereby may be more respected; and in order that the demands of the citizens, grounded henceforth upon simple and incontestable principles, may always take the direction of maintaining the constitution and welfare of all. In consequence, the National Assembly recognizes and declares, in the presence and under the auspices of the Supreme Being, the following rights of man and citizen: Men are born free and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions can be based only on public utility.

The declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen

Text Item Type Metadata Text The representatives of the French people, constituted as a National Assembly, and considering that ignorance, neglect, or contempt of the rights of man are the sole causes of public misfortunes and governmental corruption, have resolved to set forth in a solemn declaration the natural, inalienable and sacred rights of man: In consequence, the National Assembly recognizes and declares, in the presence and under the auspices of the Supreme Being, the following rights of man and the citizen: Men are born and remain free and equal in rights.

Social distinctions may be based only on common utility. The purpose of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.

The principle of all sovereignty rests essentially in the nation. No body and no individual may exercise authority which does not emanate expressly from the nation.

Liberty consists in the ability to do whatever does not harm another; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no other limits than those which assure to other members of society the enjoyment of the same rights.

These limits can only be determined by the law. The law only has the right to prohibit those actions which are injurious to society. No hindrance should be put in the way of anything not prohibited by the law, nor may any one be forced to do what the law does not require. The law is the expression of the general will.

All citizens have the right to take part, in person or by their representatives, in its formation.

The declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen

It must be the same for everyone whether it protects or penalizes. All citizens being equal in its eyes are equally admissible to all public dignities, offices, and employments, according to their ability, and with no other distinction than that of their virtues and talents. No man may be indicted, arrested, or detained except in cases determined by the law and according to the forms which it has prescribed.

Those who seek, expedite, execute, or cause to be executed arbitrary orders should be punished; but citizens summoned or seized by virtue of the law should obey instantly, and render themselves guilty by resistance.

Only strictly and obviously necessary punishments may be established by the law, and no one may be punished except by virtue of a law established and promulgated before the time of the offense, and legally applied. Every man being presumed innocent until judged guilty, if it is deemed indispensable to arrest him, all rigor unnecessary to securing his person should be severely repressed by the law.

No one should be disturbed for his opinions, even in religion, provided that their manifestation does not trouble public order as established by law. The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man.

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Every citizen may therefore speak, write, and print freely, if he accepts his own responsibility for any abuse of this liberty in the cases set by the law. The safeguard of the rights of man and the citizen requires public powers. These powers are therefore instituted for the advantage of all, and not for the private benefit of those to whom they are entrusted.

For maintenance of public authority and for expenses of administration, common taxation is indispensable. It should be apportioned equally among all the citizens according to their capacity to pay.

All citizens have the right, by themselves or through their representatives, to have demonstrated to them the necessity of public taxes, to consent to them freely, to follow the use made of the proceeds, and to determine the means of apportionment, assessment, and collection, and the duration of them.

Society has the right to hold accountable every public agent of the administration. Any society in which the guarantee of rights is not assured or the separation of powers not settled has no constitution. Property being an inviolable and sacred right, no one may be deprived of it except when public necessity, certified by law, obviously requires it, and on the condition of a just compensation in advance.Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen: Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, a basic charter of human liberties containing the principles that inspired the French Revolution.

The idea of stating the rights of the individual in a legally enforceable document was strongly debated when the American Revolution took place and led to the birth of a new nation, free from the tyranny of a foreign monarch.

Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law. The security of the rights of man and of the citizen requires public military forces.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. To obtain this file as a WordPerfect document, download here. Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions Woman's Rights Convention, Held at Seneca Falls, July The Declaration of the Rights of the Man and of the Citizen of (French: DĂ©claration des droits de l'homme et du citoyen de ), set by France's National Constituent Assembly in , is a human civil rights document from the French Revolution..

The Declaration was drafted by General Lafayette, Thomas Jefferson, .

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