All 30 displayed Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
C2 Obfuscation and Exfiltration: HUC Packet Transmitter To aid the work of network defenders and systems administrators, we also provide advice on limiting the effectiveness of these tools and detecting their use on a network.
The individual tools we cover in this report are limited examples of the types of tools used by threat actors. You should not consider this an exhaustive list when planning your network defense.
Tools and techniques for exploiting networks and the data they hold are by no means the preserve of nation states or criminals on the dark web.
Today, malicious tools with a variety of functions are widely and freely available for use by everyone from skilled penetration testers, hostile state actors and organized criminals, to amateur cyber criminals. The tools in this Activity Alert have been used to compromise information across a wide range of critical sectors, including health, finance, government, and defense.
Their widespread availability presents a challenge for network defense and threat-actor attribution. Experience from all our countries makes it clear that, while cyber threat actors continue to develop their capabilities, they still make use of established tools and techniques.
Even the most sophisticated threat actor groups use common, publicly available tools to achieve their objectives. Whatever these objectives may be, initial compromises of victim systems are often established through exploitation of common security weaknesses.
Abuse of unpatched software vulnerabilities or poorly configured systems are common ways for a threat actor to gain access. Remote Access Trojans RATswebshells, credential stealers, lateral movement frameworks, and command and control C2 obfuscators.
This Activity Alert provides an overview of the threat posed by each tool, along with insight into where and when it has been deployed by threat actors.
Measures to aid detection and limit the effectiveness of each tool are also described. The Activity Alert concludes with general advice for improving network defense practices. Technical Details Remote Access Trojan: In a malicious context, it can—among many other functions—be used to install backdoors and key loggers, take screen shots, and exfiltrate data.
Malicious RATs can be difficult to detect because they are normally designed not to appear in lists of running programs and can mimic the behavior of legitimate applications.
To prevent forensic analysis, RATs have been known to disable security measures e. Threat actors have repeatedly compromised servers in our countries with the purpose of delivering malicious RATs to victims, either to gain remote access for further exploitation, or to steal valuable information such as banking credentials, intellectual property, or PII.
JBiFrost RAT allows threat actors to pivot and move laterally across a network or install additional malicious software. It is primarily delivered through emails as an attachment, usually an invoice notice, request for quotation, remittance notice, shipment notification, payment notice, or with a link to a file hosting service.
Past infections have exfiltrated intellectual property, banking credentials, and personally identifiable information PII. Examples Since earlywe have observed an increase in JBiFrost RAT being used in targeted attacks against critical national infrastructure owners and their supply chain operators.
Many other publicly available RATs, including variations of Gh0st RAT, have also been observed in use against a range of victims worldwide. Protection is best afforded by ensuring systems and installed applications are all fully patched and updated. The use of a modern antivirus program with automatic definition updates and regular system scans will also help ensure that most of the latest variants are stopped in their tracks.
You should ensure that your organization is able to collect antivirus detections centrally across its estate and investigate RAT detections efficiently. Strict application whitelisting is recommended to prevent infections from occurring. You can help prevent JBiFrost RAT infections by stopping these phishing emails from reaching your users, helping users to identify and report phishing emails, and implementing security controls so that the malicious email does not compromise your device.
China Chopper China Chopper is a publicly available, well-documented webshell that has been in widespread use since Webshells are malicious scripts that are uploaded to a target host after an initial compromise and grant a threat actor remote administrative capability.A.
The "No Disclosure Without Consent" Rule “No agency shall disclose any record which is contained in a system of records by any means of communication to any person, or to another agency, except pursuant to a written request by, or with the prior written consent of, the individual to whom the record pertains [subject to 12 exceptions].” 5 U.S.C.
§ a(b). Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) FY Budget Request At A Glance.
ability to meet these objectives. The FBI conducts fees collected for fingerprint-based criminal history record information checks. Construction. Program Offset - Secure Work Environment: $ Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Uniform Crime Reporting The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program has been the starting place for law enforcement executives, students of criminal justice, researchers, members of the media, and the public at large seeking information on crime in the nation.
The program was conceived in by . National Crime Information Center (NCIC) National Crime Information Center Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division Custer Hollow Road.
Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.: Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., mortal shooting of the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., the most prominent leader of the American civil rights movement, on April 4, , in Memphis, Tennessee. Learn more about the background, details, and aftermath of the assassination in this article.
Commentary and Summary Audit of the Federal Bureau of Investigation Annual Financial Statements Fiscal Year Objectives In support of .